Chambers Seminar: The Protection of Investments and Related Regulatory Tendencies in Central America


This seminar will analyse the key topics about the protection of commercial interests and the regulatory trends in the region, aiming to provide current information on how to manage a business in Central America


Este seminario analizará los temas fundamentales sobre la protección de los intereses comerciales y tendencias regulatorias en la región, buscando proporcionar información de interés actual respecto a la operación de un negocio en Centroamérica


Esta sesión se realizará en español




José Rafael Rivera
Consortium Legal – Honduras 

José Rafael is a partner at Consortium Legal – Honduras. With 25 years of experience in the sectors of banking and financial services; he is specialized in economic analysis of law with a background in corporate finance. His practice areas also include commercial law, insurance law, agency and distributorship, franchise law, trademarks, patents, copyright, antitrust, civil and commercial litigation, commercial arbitration and administrative law. He is a commercial arbitrator of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Tegucigalpa, Arbitration Center, where he has presided over arbitration tribunals.

He has also been a lead contact attorney for various local, multinational and foreign companies, banks and institutions regarding mainly foreign investment, financial, corporate and commercial law matters.


Álvaro Castellanos
Consortium Legal – Guatemala

Álvaro is a partner at Consortium Legal – Guatemala. He has 33 years of experience in financial services and fintech, insurance and insurtech, as well as aviation. He specializes in banking, arbitration, foreign investment and mergers and acquisitions.

During his career he has served as president and member of several ad hoc committees in annulation procedures under the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), an international arbitration institution, as well as Board of Directors president of the Conflict Resolution Commission of Guatemala’s Chamber of Industry.  He participated as an ad hoc judge in the Tiu Tojín vs. State of Guatemala case in front of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.  He was a member representative of Guatemala before the International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce -ICC- (2006-2018); member of the Editorial Board of IURISTEC (Compilation of Publications of Judicial Judgments commented), University Professor, columnist in El Periodico and a former dean of the Faculty of Legal and Social Sciences of the Rafael Landívar University.

Carlos Taboada
Consortium Legal - Nicaragua

Carlos is a partner at Consortium Legal – Nicaragua, with more than 19 years of experience in the agroindustry, real estate, financial, and retail sectors in Nicaragua. He provides strategic counsel on tax, real estate, and corporate aspects in important transactions and agreements to foreign investors, as well as large and medium sized companies established in the country. 

He has participated in different projects and acquisitions in recent years that include corporate and financial restructurings within the agro-industrial and energy sectors, involving assets of more than US$250 million.  He has also advised on regional financings, due diligence processes for the acquisition of a Nicaraguan Bank, acquisitions of real estate assets for foreign investors, and residential real estate projects, among others.


Francia Alarcon
Senior Director of Tax
Walmart (Mexico and Central America)

Francia Alarcon is a tax professional with 20 years of experience. Currently she is leading Walmart de Mexico as Senior Director, being responsible for 6 countries (Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua). She is part of Walmart's Tax team and is based in Mexico City. Her role includes indirect and direct tax planning implementation, managed Latam tax litigation process, creating a framework to assess risk and opportunities for indirect and direct taxes and bringing in her expertise in tax consulting and auditing.

Prior to Walmart, Francia worked at the Chilean IRS (SII) as a large taxpayer auditor. She holds a degree in business administration from Universidad de Talca and a BAC+5 from from L’école Supérieure de Commerce de Montpellier.


Maria Alejandra Tulipano
Consortium Legal – El Salvador

Maria Alejandra is a partner at Consortium Legal – El Salvador. With over 20 years of experience in the legal sector, in private and public international law. She has an extensive experience in corporate law, foreign investment and international trade, and regulated sector, including energy and new technologies. She mainly advises private and public companies on corporate, public tenders and concession contracts. She frequently represents clients on a wide range of commercial transactions, both local and cross-border.

She served in the Diplomatic Service as Legal Counselor and Charge d’Affaires for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Panama, appointed in the United States of America in Washington, DC and later on in El Salvador, San Salvador. She has also playing an active role advising various NGOs on their legal issues.

She is an authorized lawyer by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Republic of Panama.


Rolando Laclé Zúñiga
Consortium Legal - Costa Rica

Rolando is a partner at Consortium Legal – Costa Rica. With 29 years of experience, he specializes in mergers and acquisitions, foreign investment, international trade, real estate, civil and commercial litigation. He participated in multiple local and international transactions related mergers and acquisitions, securitizations, and real estate complex transactions.  He has also acted as legal counsel in major litigation cases mainly in civil and commercial matters.

During his career, he served as president of the International Center for Conciliation and Arbitration (2009-2011); and he was an advisor to former president of Costa Rica, Abel Pacheco (2002-2004).